The poet was throughout his life greatly indebted to the patronage and support of royal and noble personages; his royal patrons were Queen Elizabeth and King James Iboth of whom greatly loved the drama. The virgin queen devoted herself to the study of the ancient classical period; she also delighted in our own theatrical entertainments, and used her influence in the progress of the English drama, and fostered the inimitable genius of Shakespeare. In regard to her taste for the ancient stage, Sir Roger Naunton tells us "That the great Queen translated one of the tragedies of Euripides from the original Greek for her amusement. The passage in which these words occur is a gem of poetical beauty and is the most exquisite compliment she ever received from any poet of her day.
No one inany more than inwould have predicted that—despite the social discord, political floundering, and international humiliation of the past decade—the kingdom again stood on the threshold of an extraordinary reign. Henry had defied the pope and broken England from the authority of the Roman Catholic Church in order to dissolve his marriage with his first wife, Catherine of Aragonwho had borne him a daughter, Mary.
Before Elizabeth reached her third birthday, her father had her mother beheaded on charges of adultery and treason. Apparently, the king was undeterred by the logical inconsistency of simultaneously invalidating the marriage and accusing his wife of adultery.
The emotional impact of these events on the little girl, who had been brought up from infancy in a separate household at Hatfield, is not known; presumably, no one thought it worth recording.
What was noted was her precocious seriousness; at six years old, it was admiringly observed, she had as much gravity as if she had been Despite his capacity for monstrous cruelty, Henry VIII treated all his children with what contemporaries regarded as affection; Elizabeth was present at ceremonial occasions and was declared third in line to the throne.
Under a series of distinguished tutors, of whom the best known is the Cambridge humanist Roger AschamElizabeth received the rigorous education normally reserved for male heirs, consisting of a course of studies centring on classical languages, history, rhetoricand moral philosophy.
Thus steeped in the secular learning of the Renaissance, the quick-witted and intellectually serious princess also studied theology, imbibing the tenets of English Protestantism in its formative period. Her association with the Reformation is critically important, for it shaped the future course of the nation, but it does not appear to have been a personal passion: Her guardian, the dowager queen Catherine Parr, almost immediately married Thomas Seymourthe lord high admiral.
In Januaryshortly after the death of Catherine Parr, Thomas Seymour was arrested for treason and accused of plotting to marry Elizabeth in order to rule the kingdom.
Repeated interrogations of Elizabeth and her servants led to the charge that even when his wife was alive Seymour had on several occasions behaved in a flirtatious and overly familiar manner toward the young princess. Under humiliating close questioning and in some danger, Elizabeth was extraordinarily circumspect and poised.
When she was told that Seymour had been beheaded, she betrayed no emotion. This attempt, along with her unpopular marriage to the ardently Catholic king Philip II of Spain, aroused bitter Protestant opposition. For though, as her sister demanded, she conformed outwardly to official Catholic observance, she inevitably became the focus and the obvious beneficiary of plots to overthrow the government and restore Protestantism.
Two months later, after extensive interrogation and spying had revealed no conclusive evidence of treason on her part, she was released from the Tower and placed in close custody for a year at Woodstock. The difficulty of her situation eased somewhat, though she was never far from suspicious scrutiny.
It was a sustained lesson in survival through self-discipline and the tactful manipulation of appearances. Many Protestants and Roman Catholics alike assumed that her self-presentation was deceptive, but Elizabeth managed to keep her inward convictions to herself, and in religion as in much else they have remained something of a mystery.
There is with Elizabeth a continual gap between a dazzling surface and an interior that she kept carefully concealed. Observers were repeatedly tantalized with what they thought was a glimpse of the interior, only to find that they had been shown another facet of the surface.
She learned her lesson well. Accession At the death of Mary on November 17,Elizabeth came to the throne amid bells, bonfires, patriotic demonstrations, and other signs of public jubilation.
Her entry into London and the great coronation procession that followed were masterpieces of political courtship. Elizabeth IProcession of Elizabeth I and members of her court. The queen began at once to form her government and issue proclamations.
She reduced the size of the Privy Councilin part to purge some of its Catholic members and in part to make it more efficient as an advisory body; she began a restructuring of the enormous royal household; she carefully balanced the need for substantial administrative and judicial continuity with the desire for change; and she assembled a core of experienced and trustworthy advisers, including William CecilNicholas Bacon, Francis Walsingham, and Nicholas Throckmorton.
Chief among these was Cecil afterward Lord Burghleywhom Elizabeth appointed her principal secretary of state on the morning of her accession and who was to serve her first in this capacity and after as lord treasurer with remarkable sagacity and skill for 40 years.
Men saw themselves as rational beings; they saw women as creatures likely to be dominated by impulse and passion.Feb 17, · Elizabeth was a different kind of Queen: quick-witted, clever and able to use feminine wiles to get her own way.
Elizabeth could be as ruthless and calculating as any king before her but at . Queen Elizabeth: Shakespeare's Patron From Shakespeare's patrons & other essays by Henry Brown.
London: J. M. Dent & sons. The poet was throughout his life greatly indebted to the patronage and support of royal and noble personages; his royal patrons were Queen Elizabeth and King James I, both of whom greatly loved the ashio-midori.com virgin queen devoted herself to the study of the ancient.
The Life of Elizabeth I [Alison Weir] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER Perhaps the most influential sovereign England has ever known. Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I abound, particularly from the later years of her reign.
Elizabeth was perhaps the first monarch to understand the importance of public relations and she carefully prepared her image for public consumption. Elizabeth the Queen: The Life of a Modern Monarch [Sally Bedell Smith] on ashio-midori.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • Perfect for fans of The Crown, this magisterial biography of Queen Elizabeth II is a close-up view of the woman we’ve known only from a distance—and a captivating window . See her at The Queen Gallery. Elizabeth Tudor was born on 7 Sep at Greenwich to Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn.
Elizabeth's life was troubled from the moment she was ashio-midori.com VIII had changed the course of his country's history in order to marry Anne, hoping that she would bear him the strong and healthy son that Catalina de Aragon never did.