Dated 19th November
Dated 19th November Prosecution of corruption cases becomes harder on the part of the PCCB prosecutors because of the weakness of the law. The Library research was helpful to get the theoretical foundation, identification of the past efforts employed in dealing with the problem, legislation applicable in combating this problem as well as how other intellectual scholarly works acknowledge the problem and what are their suggestions on how to combat the problem by prosecuting the corruption offenders.
The main sources of information under this method were books, journals, reports, case laws, hansards, published and unpublished articles and any other scholarly work related to the research.
This method was done from Polycarp thesis library at the University of Dar Es Salaam and courts libraries in order to get the decided cases pertaining to the corruption offences.
In his well-known thesis, Polycarp combats Gnostic heresies that were beginning to spread throughout the Christian church. Polycarp - A Martyr for Truth Polycarp's greatest contribution to Christianity may be his martyred death. 1 The Epistle of Polycarp to the Philippians The Greek & Latin Text of the Epistle, verse by verse, with an English translation in between, verse by verse. Although this is a possible thesis and has been accepted by Kleist and favored by Quasten, it does not seem at all likely that it is correct. The fact that in ch. 9 it is assumed that Ignatius was dead and that in ch. 13 Polycarp asked for “anything definite which you have learned” about him does not require the assumption of two epistles.
The field research was conducted to gather the primary data. In that way the field research was conducted by having interviews with the officials of the PCCB, the Director of Public Prosecution, Magistrates involved with the prosecution or deciding the corruption offences, Advocates who represent the corruption criminals, NGOs that are concerned in preventing corruption like Research of Poverty Alleviation REPOA and the gathering of information from the public about the problem of corruption in Tanzania.
Such authors are like the following; Rose -Ackerman  examines issues related to improving the deterrent effect of arrest and punishment and on rewarding those who come forward with documentation of corruption deeds.
She emphasizes that the deterrence of criminal behaviour depends on the probability of Polycarp thesis detection and punishment and on penalties imposed by the legal system and subtle costs as loss of population shame.
Lara et al tries to define the term corruption by saying that, it is exploitation of a politicians or civil servants position for personal gain.
They continue giving more elaboration on the corruption that it is an offence that generally takes two sides like the briber and the bribed person or organization. Bribes are also paid for the award of licenses and approvals and the creation or preservation of monopolies .
Fighting corruption on the other hand reduces the level of malfeasance in an institution or country. According to the authors, corruption is the sign of bad leadership where they say that; fighting corruption is not an isolated goal.
Corruption is a symptom of bad governance, which in turn impedes poverty reduction and sustainable development. For this reason, the fight against corruption, must be firmly incorporated into a coherent and realistic development strategy. It needs to be an integral part of the poverty reduction strategy papers, not promises, should be the focus whether the issue in education for girls or combating corruption .
It can encompass promises, threats or both, and can be initiated by the public servant or the interested client, can entail acts or omission or commission, can include illicit service, can be inside or outside the public organization. The borders of corruption are difficult to define and depend on local laws and customs .
Also the authors say that corruption because of its nature is difficult to observe. It is inherently secretive activity and when it is made public, corruption occasions shame.
So every government that comes into power promises to abolish corruption but ends up in vein making the citizen to disregard it. Sometimes these people have their way out of justice by bribing law enforcement authorities in many instances it is only the small traffickers who get caught and are sent to court .
Peter C, speaks on corruption as it is not a new phenomenon in the society especially Tanzania in particular. In giving emphasis that corruption is not a recent phenomenon the author gave a quotation from Mwalimu Nyerere as he gave a recommendation that.
The author continues by saying that, notwithstanding the various promises by leadership, the common man has very little hope in the current regime.
This was revealed when the Warioba Commission was interviewing people in order to know how people accept the situation in Tanzania as far as corruption is concerned. The author also concurs with Shivji on the idea that corrupt elements make impossible to get justice.
According to him, he says it is impossible to lump together all judicial personnel as corrupt because it is these corrupt people who manipulate court proceedings in various ways to achieve their desired ends. In the worse situation the innocent people are incarcerated in order to force their relatives to give something so that they are released.
Kibwana K, et al in showing how corruption is imputed to the government makes reference to Kenya where they say that the idea that generation changes inspite of a new beginning is based on the notion that the character and personality of individuals determine whether a nation succeeds of fails.
Therefore if the corrupt individuals are in power the government is necessarily corrupt, if insecure people come to power, you get a repressive government.Polycarp is a celebrated figure in the history of Christianity. A direct pupil of the apostle John, Polycarp lived between 70 and A.D., connecting him to both the biblical apostles and the age of .
The Catholic literature identifies the fundamental texts from which information about the life and works of Polycarp are to be found, and they are the following: St. Ignatius epistles; the Epistle to the Philippians by Polycarp; details of Polycarps martyrdom, as detailed in the Letter to the Smyrnaeans; and various St.
Irenaeus text passages. In his well-known thesis, Polycarp combats Gnostic heresies that were beginning to spread throughout the Christian church. Polycarp - A Martyr for Truth Polycarp's greatest contribution to Christianity may be his martyred death.
Jan 19, · POLYCARP MTEGA AFTER LLB. Sunday, January 19, Polycarp Mtega Dissertation. PROSECUTION POWERS OF THE PCCB IN TANZANIA.
CHAPTER ONE. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND. circumstantial Evidence” A thesis submitted for the fulfillment of the Requirements of Degree for. Doctor of Philosophy (Ph D) [Law] of . Polycarp's anti-Gnostic thesis, an exemplary statement of post-apostolic theology, refuted the sectarian argument that God's incarnation in Christ, his death, and Resurrection were all imaginary phenomena of purely moral or mythological significance.
Polycarp. Polycarp - A Father of the Christian Church Polycarp is a celebrated figure in the history of Christianity. A direct pupil of the apostle John, Polycarp lived between 70 and A.D., connecting him to both the biblical apostles and the age of the early church fathers.