The people of the Middle Ages enjoyed many holidays; it has been estimated that, besides Sundays, about eight weeks in every year were free from work. There was time for Medieval sports. But most of the Medieval sports were targeted towards increasing the fighting skills of men.
During the first half of the 20th century, the term "bastard sword" was used regularly to refer to this type of sword, while "long sword" or "long-sword"if used at all, referred to the rapier in the context of Renaissance or Early Modern fencing. Swords with exceptionally long hilts are found throughout the High Middle Ages, but these remain rare, and are not representative of an identifiable trend before the late 13th or early 14th century.
It remains identifiable as a type during the period of about to From the late 15th century, however, it is also attested as being worn and used by unarmoured soldiers or mercenaries. Use of the two-handed Great Sword or Schlachtschwert by infantry as opposed to their use as a weapon of mounted and fully armoured knights seems to have originated with the Swiss in the 14th century.
By the second half of the 16th century, it persisted mostly as a weapon for sportive competition Schulfechtenand possibly in knightly duels. Distinct "bastard sword" hilt types developed during the first half of the 16th century.
Ewart Oakeshott distinguishes twelve different types. By the late 16th century, early forms of the developed-hilt appear on this type of sword. Beginning aboutthe Swiss sabre schnepf in Switzerland began to replace the straight longsword, inheriting its hilt types, and the longsword had fallen out of use in Switzerland by In southern Germany, it persisted into the s, but its use also declined during the second half of the 16th century.
There are two late examples of longswords kept in the Swiss National Museum, both with vertically grooved pommels and elaborately decorated with silver inlay, and both belonging to Swiss noblemen in French service during the late 16th and early 17th century, Gugelberg von Moos and Rudolf von Schauenstein.
Morphology[ edit ] Different blade cross-sections. At the top, variants of the diamond shape. At the bottom, variants of the lenticular shape.
The swords grouped as "longswords" for the purposes of this article are united by their being intended for two-handed use. In terms of blade typology, they do not form a single category. In the Oakeshott typology of blade morphology, "longswords" figure as a range of sub-types of the corresponding single-handed sword types.
They are primarily intended for cutting, with grips for either "hand-and-half" or two-handed use.
Type XVa is the classical two-handed estoc of the 14th and 15th centuries with early examples appearing from the later 13th century. These blades are strongly tapered, more narrow and slender even than the single-handed type XV variant, with a flattened diamond cross-section.
Type XVIa is the classical "longsword" of the 14th and 15th centuries. These blades are long and slowly tapering, with a flat hexagonal blade cross-section and a fuller running along one third of the blade.
They represent an optimised compromise between thrusting capability and retaining good cutting characteristics.
Type XVII is a shorter-lived type, popular during the midth to early 15th century. These blades are long, slender and acutely tapering, approaching the outline of type XVa, while still retaining a narrow hexagonal cross-section and a shallow fuller running along about one quarter of the blade.
They have a flattened diamond cross-section, often with pronounced mid-rib, some being hollow-ground. Type XX blades are broad, with lenticular or octagonal cross-sections.
They were in use during the 14th and 15th centuries. Sub-type XXa has a more acutely tapering blade and a more acute point. Fighting with the longsword[ edit ] Further information: Historical fencing The expression fechten mit dem langen schwert "fighting with the long sword" in the German school of fencing denotes the style of fencing which uses both hands at the hilt; fechten mit dem kurzen schwert "fighting with the short sword" is used in half-sword fighting, with one hand gripping the blade.
The two terms are largely equivalent to "unarmoured fighting" blossfechten and "armoured fencing" fechten im harnisch. History[ edit ] s illustration of one- and two-handed use of the longsword.
Note the sword being used one-handed is drawn shorter and may also be intended as a large knightly sword CPG fol. Example of two handed use vs.
Codified systems of fighting with the longsword existed from the later 14th century, with a variety of styles and teachers each providing a slightly different take on the art. Hans Talhoffer, a midth-century German fightmaster, is probably the most prominent, using a wide variety of moves, most resulting in wrestling.
The longsword was a quick, effective, and versatile weapon capable of deadly thrusts, slices, and cuts.
The weapon may be held with one hand during disarmament or grappling techniques. In a depiction of a duel, individuals may be seen wielding sharply pointed longswords in one hand, leaving the other hand open to manipulate the large dueling shield.
Half-swording was a manner of using both hands, one on the hilt and one on the blade, to better control the weapon in thrusts and jabs. This versatility was unique, as multiple works hold that the longsword provided the foundations for learning a variety of other weapons including spearsstavesand polearms.
Therein the basics of combat were described and, in some cases, depicted. The German school of swordsmanship includes the earliest known longsword Fechtbuch, a manual from approximatelyknown as GNM a.Find quality Medieval weapons such as swords, maces, axes, daggers and war hammers online at Museum Replicas.
Medieval Sports in the Middle Ages Each section of this Middle Ages website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about these great people and events in bygone Medieval times including Medieval Sports.
A longsword (also spelled as long sword or long-sword) is a type of European sword characterized as having a cruciform hilt with a grip for two-handed use (around 16 to 28 cm (6 to 11 in)), a straight double-edged blade of around 85 to cm (33 to 43 in), and weighing approximately 1 to kg ( to lb)..
The "longsword" type exists in a morphological continuum with the medieval. May 31, · Archery Jousting Hammer Throwing Wrestling In Archery the people in medieval Europe are practising archery by playing games and bets with the aim and shooting skills Jousting is a competition where people from towns of Europe gather and watch others riding a horse with a javelin and trying to knock the others over the horse..
Anti-Semitism in medieval Europe.
Religious attitudes were reflected in the economic, social, and political life of medieval Europe. In much of Europe during the Middle Ages, Jews were denied citizenship and its rights, barred from holding posts in government and the military, and excluded from membership in guilds and the professions.
To be sure, some European . The Most Oscar-Winning and Nominated Sports Films: The sports in films with the most nominations (and wins) include Boxing, Football, Baseball, and Billiards/Pool, followed by many other examples of sports.