An illustration of key components and interactions of the cultural ecology approach PREFACE On special occasions, far from academe, I awake to both complete peace and unbounded comprehension. I am watching the early sun descend a sandstone wall in a canyon of the southwestern United States, with my ear to the beach listening to boulders rumbling along the bed of an Alaskan river, awaking from a nap on a slab of talus high in the Colorado Rockies, or lying in a hammock and being soothed by the rush of water along the hull of a small Amazon River freighter. These beautiful moments on awaking come several days after I have ceased my academic efforts to understand and begin to comprehend directly.
Thus, though we do not want it, the modern world is full of risk, which makes education prevention and upbringing face new Biologicalpsychological factors of crime essay and new challenges.
Those issues have been the concern of social education, sociology and psychology looking for efficient research tools, diagnostic methods, effective prevention and therapeutic programs.
Therefore, we have been living in the world which, on one hand is characterized by globalization, new digital technologies development, especially these referring to information, visible climate changes, on the other, by diversity of educational systems and social welfare, accumulation of social inequality areas and poverty in some parts of the world.
This world presents science and scientists with crucial questions: One of the important methods of limiting the risk, reducing tensions, eliminating threats is educating young generation in such a way to allow better differentiation of what favors development and what can constitute hazard both in local, national and international dimensions.
According to the authors of this book, young people need a wider range of competences as well in interpersonal relations as in professional activities. If such competences are acquired at school, while studying or in family it will be easier for them to get around in the real world and in cyber-space, at the same time being less vulnerable to such modern problems as: What do young people need?
Certainly knowledge, ability of dealing with difficult situations, empathy skills, interpersonal communication 10 10 Introduction Biologicalpsychological factors of crime essay, knowledge of languages, understanding other cultures. Only equipped with such knowledge will they be able to cope with new challenges.
Here we should add that the above mentioned issues have been known for years they were described, among others in OUN Convention on Children s Rights art. To make changes happen, further developments in children and youth education are necessary because they need comprehensive development which will be possible if culture of contemporary school and education programs will integrate and promote the newest tendencies and demands.
Hence, education faces an important task of continuous responding to social reality as it seems - many people representing education do not fully understand this goal. References to these issues can be found in numerous places in this publication in form of theses about necessity of educating for democracy, educating for balanced development, educating for limiting risky behaviors and enhancing protective factors, developmental education, health education, legal education, entrepreneurial education, media education and many others, present in the 21 st century.
Why do we raise questions that should be obvious yet in the world developing in such a pace, where every month new digital technologies appear and an average smart phone can take advantage of two million applications!
To fulfill this aim we need competent social educators, insightful researchers, equipped with knowledge and determination in exploring and explaining still more complex reality.
It is also essential to constantly remind all of the people who manage great economic processes and economic and social mechanisms that development is beneficial only on the condition that it serves human wellbeing.
The fact of multi-cultural societies development is also not without meaning and we are of the opinion that this process will be acceleratingwhich will create areas of different cultures interactions, different attitudes towards family and family relations, what even more visibly stresses the need of educating competent, open, active, strongly motivated and creative social educators.
It contains monograph articles from the fields of social education, psychology and related sciences based on various research methods from monograph to empirical research results.
The articles character and contents prompted the editors to organize it into three parts Perspectives for socio-educational activity; Challenges and chances for socio-educational activities; Contemporary socio-educational issues.
The first part Perspectives for socio-educational activity presents articles describing various contexts in socio-educational activity and challenges facing social education. The essential common point of the presented articles by Polish and Lithuanian researchers is similarity of problems dealt with by educational practices.
It testifies strong influence of globalization processes on young people s behaviors, risk areas and threats.
Hence, the problems of risky behaviors in young people are discussed in context of wider social changes. In this part, also the problems of social educators professional development and their professional qualifications are discussed.
The issue is of great importance for success of social prevention, phenomena diagnosis and designing effective measures. That is why such questions as: The first chapter also contains articles referring to quality of university education in the field of social education, describing alternative and innovative methods, namely monitoring as a part of management process used in science of education.
The second part of the publication Challenges and chances for socioeducational activities contains articles referring to essential contemporary social problems which are: This part of the book refers also to positive and negative aspects of foster care.
Questions of social skills are also discussed giving concern to disabled people their higher social competences facilitate functioning in society. A short overview of music therapy research in the field of education was also presented. Here, the positive influence of therapy taking advantage of music on positive thoughts development among pupils 12 12 Introduction is emphasized, influence on improving motivation among students and on development of healthy personality.
The third part, entitled: Contemporary socio-educational issues contains articles referring to a wide spectrum of problems dealt with by social education including essential problems of social education, their sources and influence on individual, group and economic behaviors.
Questions of growing social aggression, domestic violence, teenagers aggressive behaviors were analyzed. The important fragment of this part is discussion about stress and drug issues the problem of increasing background complexity and consequences.
Undertaking drug and designer drug issue is not accidental as well as in Lithuania as in Poland and Finland, the organized crime connected with drugs increases and every year, the illicit market is being enriched with dozens or tens new psychoactive substances.
This phenomenon is one of the most important educational challenges for social prevention. The topic which is less widely known for a reader is the phenomenon of post-traumatic stress disorder PTSDa disease attacking soldiers taking part in peacekeeping missions.
This problem is an essential educational and psychological challenge and is more and more often analyzed in the armies of Finland, Slovakia, Lithuania and Poland. The publication recognizes also the importance and significance of self sufficiency skills, and analytic skills for the future life and it provides analyses of importance of coherence sense and styles of life management among young adults serving in the military.
We hope that readers will find in this publication are other interesting topics. The representatives of the following academies and research centers took part in the project:Commission of a crime depends on a wide range of social, environmental, psychological and biological factors.
As far as juvenile crime is concerned numerous studies have stated that crime induced by the use and/or abuse of harmful substances mainly responds to contextual and cultural factors with special emphasis on the use in nocturnal leisure. win-win-win papakonstantinidis equilibrium.
Download PDF. 7 exist in real terms, due to logical mind contractures (logical forms)22 expressed by psychology and personality’s factors, as well as from linguistic forms23 or creating e mp l o yme n t d i s c ri mi n at i o n, an d c h il d ab u s e an d n e g l e ct.
Crime an d s u b s. 1 SOCIAL EDUCATION Current problems and perspectives. 2.
Thus development is the product of multiple and co-dependent elements or subsystems cooperating within a single system (Oyama, ). New developmental patterns arise in a self-organizing fashion as a function of the changing interrelations between internal processes and contextual factors. The crime was that the Oriental was an Oriental, and it is an accurate sign of how commonly acceptable such a tautology was that it could be written without even an appeal to . Commission of a crime depends on a wide range of social, environmental, psychological and biological factors. As far as juvenile crime is concerned numerous studies have stated that crime induced by the use and/or abuse of harmful substances mainly responds to contextual and cultural factors with special emphasis on the use in nocturnal leisure.
3 SOCIAL EDUCATION Current problems and perspectives EDITOR IN CHIEF Leta Dromantienė Mariusz Jędrzejko EDITORIAL BOARD Małgorzata Przybysz-Zaremba, Valdonė Indrašienė, Linda Daniela, Rita Nordström-Lytz Vilnius 4 UDK So EDITOR IN CHIEF Prof.
Dr. Mariusz Jędrzejko, (1) Center of Social Prevention, Poland; . Thus development is the product of multiple and co-dependent elements or subsystems cooperating within a single system (Oyama, ).
New developmental patterns arise in a self-organizing fashion as a function of the changing interrelations between internal processes and contextual factors. Student financial aid awards depend upon two major factors: financial need and the availability of funds.
To determine need, an evaluation must be made of the financial circumstances of both the applicant and the applicant’s family. The crime was that the Oriental was an Oriental, and it is an accurate sign of how commonly acceptable such a tautology was that it could be written without even an appeal to .