At the time of his death, he also had plans to push his conquests into Arabia, Rome, Carthage, and what is now known as Spain. Alexander died at the age of 33, and his huge empire was divided among his warring generals.
With the expansion of his empire, Hellenism, or Greek-influenced, culture spread from the Mediterranean to Asia. The passage of his armies through the mountainous regions of modern-day Afghanistan and Tibet led to the expansion of trade routes between Europe and Asia.
The opening of these routes not only increased trade but allowed unprecedented cultural and religious exchanges between the east and west.
Greek quickly became the language of trade and commerce and people from all over the empire benefited from its common use. They could now understand each other easily whatever their personal culture and language. Use of a common language also led to widespread appreciation of Greek art, drama and philosophy.
New schools of philosophical thought emerged which focused on the individual, such as Stoicism and Epicureanism. This fostered a mentality more concerned with the individual than identification with the city-state, which had been an integral part of Greek culture.
Governments under his rule now protected and promoted trade which lead to the emergence of primary routes like the Silk Road. Chinese silk was an important commodity and was in great demand in the Mediterranean.
Increased trade also led to the development of caravan cities along the Silk Road, such as the Greek-influenced cities of Petra and Palmyra.
The Egyptian city of Alexandria was a center of culture and commerce. Founded by Alexander himself, Alexandria became the capital of Egypt under the Ptolemaic dynasty. Greek and Egyptian religion fused with the creation of the anthropomorphic god Serapis by Ptolemy I.
Serapis combined aspects of the Egyptian god of the dead, Osiris, with the living Apis bull. This type of Greek-influenced religious transformation occurred throughout the Mediterranean. The increased wealth acquired from success in trade created a small group of elite citizens who instituted slave plantations.
On these plantations, crops were only grown for profit and were worked exclusively by slaves, eliminating jobs for many free peasants. This increase in the exclusive use of slave labor led to slave uprisings in Italy, such as the one led by Spartacus, and immigration of free peasants to overcrowded cities in search of work.
In addition to creating a stable and prosperous environment for trade, Alexander laid the foundation for new political systems. His generals divided up his empire after his death and installed themselves as absolute rulers in the Mediterranean and Asia.
They created three key territorial states: Greek culture passed to neighboring peoples as these kingdoms expanded. Alexander even stabilized the political landscape in the Indus River Valley.
This led to the emergence of the Mauryan Empire, the first such empire in India. · B.C.
July - Alexander is born at Pella, Macedonia, to King Philip II and Olympias. - Alexander serves as regent and puts down a revolt of the Maedi. - Alexander helps his father win the Battle of Chaeronea.
- Alexander becomes ruler of Macedonia. - Wins Battle of the Granicus ashio-midori.com Plutarch and Arrian have contributed more than any other ancient authors to our picture of Alexander the Great, but since they wrote four or more centuries after his death the value of what they said depends upon the sources of information on which they themselves ashio-midori.com://ashio-midori.com Alexander the Great essaysThe Conquests of Alexander the Great One of the greatest and most successful generals in all of history was Alexander the Great.
He was a brilliant, patient and often devious man that never struck without careful planning. Alexander make decisions with great speed and toashio-midori.com · Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia on July 20, B.C., to parents King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King ashio-midori.com://ashio-midori.com Context.
In B.C., Alexander was born into a state that was already in the midst of great change. His father, Philip II, who was largely responsible for these changes, had given Alexander a united Hellenic League over which to ashio-midori.com Alexander the Great was born at the right time, with the right genes, and the right personality.
By the time he died, he had conquered over 2 million square miles. Few men have changed the world as much as he. Taught by Aristotle, the young prince had other advantages. After his father's death, he.