Overview[ edit ] In ancient times, abortion, along with infanticidewas considered in the context of family planninggender selection, population control, and the property rights of the patriarch. Then, as now, these discussions often concerned the nature of man, the existence of a soul, when life begins, and the beginning of human personhood. While the practice of infanticide as a form of family planning has largely been eradicated in developed countries, birth control and abortion are still practiced; and their morality and legality continues to be debated. While modern debates about abortion retain some of the language of these older debates, the terminology has often acquired new meanings.
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SinceCDC has conducted abortion surveillance to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions in the United States. Each year, CDC requests abortion data from the central health agencies of 52 reporting areas the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City.
The reporting areas provide this information voluntarily. Fordata were received from 48 reporting areas. For the purpose of trend analysis, abortion data were evaluated from the 45 areas that reported data every year during — Census and natality data, respectively, were used to calculated abortion rates number of abortions per 1, women and ratios number of abortions per 1, live births.
A total ofabortions were reported to CDC for Of these abortions, Among these same 45 reporting areas, the abortion rate for was Inwomen aged 20—24 and 25—29 years accounted for Inadolescents aged 15—19 years accounted for Throughout the period of analysis, the percentage of all abortions accounted for by adolescents and the adolescent abortion rate decreased.
In contrast to the percentage distribution of abortions and abortion rates by age, abortion ratios in and throughout the entire period of analysis were highest among adolescents and lowest among women aged 30—39 years.
Inmost Deaths of women associated with complications from abortions for are being investigated under CDC's Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System. Inthe most recent year for which data were available, 12 women were reported to have died as a result of complications from known legal induced abortions.
No reported deaths were associated with known illegal induced abortions. Among the 45 areas that reported data every year during —, the gradual decrease that had occurred during previous decades in the total number and rate of reported abortions continued throughwhereas year-to-year variation from to resulted in no net change during this later period.
However, the change from to for both the total number of abortions and the abortion rate was the largest single year decrease during —, and all three measures of abortion total numbers, rates, and ratios decreased to the lowest level observed during this period.
Unintended pregnancy is the major contributor to abortion. Because unintended pregnancies are rare among women who use the most effective methods of reversible contraception, increasing access to and use of these methods can help further reduce the number of abortions performed in the United States.
The data in this report can help program planners and policy makers identify groups of women at greatest risk for unintended pregnancy and help guide and evaluate prevention efforts.
Introduction This report is based on abortion data for — that were provided voluntarily to CDC by the central health agencies of 48 reporting areas the District of Columbia; New York City; and 46 states, excluding California, Delaware, Maryland, and New Hampshire.
SinceCDC has conducted abortion surveillance to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions in the United States 1. Following nationwide legalization of abortion inthe total number, rate number of abortions per 1, women aged 15—44 yearsand ratio number of abortions per 1, live births of reported abortions increased rapidly, reaching the highest levels in the s before decreasing at a slow yet steady pace 2 —6.
However, the incidence of abortion has varied considerably across demographic subpopulations 7—11and recent reports through have suggested that the sustained pattern of decrease has leveled off 12— Continued surveillance is needed to monitor long-term changes in the incidence of abortion in the United States.
Methods Description of the Surveillance System Each year, CDC requests tabulated data from the central health agencies of 52 reporting areas the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining abortions in the United States.
In most states, collection of abortion data is facilitated by the legal requirement for hospitals, facilities, and physicians to report abortions to a central health agency Two studies of the entire population of women in Denmark published in have shown similar results.
The first found that the risk of death following abortion remains higher in each of the first ten years following the abortion. The second found that the risk of death increases with each abortion, 45% after one abortion, % after two abortions, and percent after three or more abortions.
This year the country will vote on whether the Constitution should be changed to repeal the Eighth Amendment. Get all the news, best analysis and results of the vote here.
Aug 02, · Abortion deaths, moreover, are entirely preventable. We ought to act accordingly to save lives. “The most sinister result of excluding abortion as a cause of death is that this crucial topic is ‘scrubbed’ from the purview of legitimate scientific inquiry,” says Dr. Studnicki, the lead researcher.
The abortion debate is the ongoing controversy surrounding the moral, legal, and religious status of induced abortion. The sides involved in the debate are the self-described “pro-choice” and “pro-life” movements.
“Pro-choice” emphasizes the right of women to decide whether to terminate a pregnancy. Unsafe abortions are believed to result in millions of injuries.
Estimates of deaths vary according to methodology, and have ranged from 37, to 70, in the past decade; deaths from unsafe abortion account for around 13% of all maternal deaths.
Induced abortion is the leading cause of death in the United States and accounts for a disturbing 61 percent of deaths of African Americans, according to researchers from the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.